Quantum Information and Quantum Optics with Superconducting Circuits by Juan José García RipollSuperconducting quantum circuits are among the most promising solutions for the development of scalable quantum computers. Built with sizes that range from microns to tens of metres using superconducting fabrication techniques and microwave technology, superconducting circuits demonstrate distinctive quantum properties such as superposition and entanglement at cryogenic temperatures. This book provides a comprehensive and self-contained introduction to the world of superconducting quantum circuits, and how they are used in current quantum technology. Beginning with a description of their basic superconducting properties, the author then explores their use in quantum systems, showing how they can emulate individual photons and atoms, and ultimately behave as qubits within highly connected quantum systems. Particular attention is paid to cutting-edge applications of these superconducting circuits in quantum computing and quantum simulation. Written for graduate students and junior researchers, this accessible text includes numerous homework problems and worked examples.
Publication Date: 2022
Thermodynamics and Control of Open Quantum Systems by Gershon Kurizki; Abraham G. KofmanThe control of open quantum systems and their associated quantum thermodynamic properties is a topic of growing importance in modern quantum physics and quantum chemistry research. This unique and self-contained book presents a unifying perspective of such open quantum systems, first describing the fundamental theory behind these formidably complex systems, before introducing the models and techniques that are employed to control their quantum thermodynamics processes. A detailed discussion of real quantum devices is also covered, including quantum heat engines and quantum refrigerators. The theory of open quantum systems is developed pedagogically, from first principles, and the book is accessible to graduate students and researchers working in atomic physics, quantum information, condensed matter physics, and quantum chemistry.
Publication Date: 2022
Phenomenology of Particle Physics by André RubbiaWritten for a two-semester Master's or graduate course, this comprehensive treatise intertwines theory and experiment in an original approach that covers all aspects of modern particle physics. The author uses rigorous step-by-step derivations and provides more than 100 end-of-chapter problems for additional practice to ensure that students will not only understand the material but also be able to apply their knowledge. Featuring up-to-date experimental material, including the discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN and of neutrino oscillations, this monumental volume also serves as a one-stop reference for particle physics researchers of all levels and specialties. Richly illustrated with more than 450 figures, the text guides students through all the intricacies of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory in an intuitive manner that few books achieve.
Publication Date: 2022
Quantum Optics Applications by Nelson BolivarQuantum Optics offers a very wide coverage of fundamental phenomena encompassing quantum mechanics and physical optics. Quantum optics allows the engineers and scientists to perform research in laser physics and quantum optics. This book covers various topics including electromagnetic field quantization, quantum coherence theory, models of atom-field interaction, resonance fluorescence, laser theory and input-output theory (application in non-linear optics). The purpose of this book is to offer various exciting advances in the field of quantum optics. Presently, quantum optics is being applied in many applications which involve electronics, climate control, space science, medical science and industrial sectors. This book put emphasis on basic concepts and applications of quantum optics and its associated fields, so as to facilitate the students and researchers to perform their research in this amazing field. The topics of this books are offered in a didactic and unified manner. The book exhibits a pedagogical and clear demonstration of topics. It successfully stabilizes the theoretical and quantum aspects of quantum optics with modern relevant experiments. The book is equally useful for students, scientist, teachers and industrialists from various backgrounds including quantum mechanics, optical physics, electromagnetism and many multidisciplinary fields.
Publication Date: 2021
From Thales to Gravitational Waves by Louis MarchildonScience has its roots in human curiosity. It is the process of exploration and research that has led to a better understanding of our surroundings: Copernicus set the Earth in its right place in our models of the Universe, Charles Darwin elucidated the mechanism of the evolution of living species, and Albert Einstein brought out the intimate connection between energy, space, and time.This book provides a reliable guide to acquaint oneself with the scientific process. It explains in easy terms how scientific investigation has historically developed to reach our present understanding of the world around us. It also discusses the place of science in modern society in relation to culture and to the technological advances that it brings.