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如何找資源Libguides: 資料評估Assess information

如何評估資料 How to Assess Information?

   當您做研究時參考用的參考圖書、期刊文章、研究報告或網路資源,評估這些原始資料的可信度及適合度是很重要的。


一、 初步評估

〈一〉  作者作者的學經歷?著作的被引用率?

〈二〉  出版年:如自然科學、應用科學等領域,需要即時性的資訊。

〈三〉  版本:如為新版表示原始資料已被校正且更新。多次再版表示作品可能為標準原始資料且是可靠資料。

〈四〉  出版者:是由大學出版或是學科領域著名的出版社出版? 


二、  內容分析

〈一〉  著作目的與涵蓋範圍:由序言(圖書)或摘要(期刊文章)確定著作目的。瀏覽目錄、索引了解研究的主題領域及引用與參考書目。

〈二〉  權威性、正確性與即時性

〈三〉  資源內涵符合使用需求及足夠資料量。

〈四〉  寫作風格呈現重點且容易閱讀。

 


三、   書評(圖書)

 在相關期刊文章中找出其書評,例:TheBooklist。此書是否被評為對此領域有可貴的貢獻?不同評論家對書的是否高評價,可參考多人的評論。


四、   評估網路資源

〈一〉  網站架構:目的與動機?廣告性或是資訊性的?屬於一手資料、個人觀點、宣傳?

〈二〉  網站管理單位:網站創制原因?作者聯絡資訊?是否有引用出處?有無拼寫或文法上的錯誤?

〈三〉  可靠性(Reliability)

〈四〉  更新維護頻繁

〈五〉  涵蓋範圍精深


五、    區分學術與非學術期刊

    期刊和雜誌為所有學科最新訊息的重要原始資料。 可劃分為:學術性、新聞性或資訊性、流行的。

〈一〉  學術性:會以註腳、參考書目註明原始資料出處。由專家學者或對此有研究的人來撰寫。目的是報告原創的研究或實驗。例子:American Economic Review(美國經濟評論)等。

〈二〉  新聞性或資訊性:以營利為目的。內容有許多插圖、相片,多引用自原始資料、學者等。例子:The Economist(經濟學人)。

〈三〉  流行性的:外觀較具吸引力。為二手或三手資料,極少引用原始資料。由公司員工或自由作家來寫。例子:Time(時代)。

 


 

 

 

How to Assess Your Information

When doing research, it is important to check the reliability and relevancy of the information found in reference books, journal articles, research papers, or online resources.


1. Preliminary Assessment

(1) Author: What is the author’s academic credentials? What is the citation rate of his/her works?

(2) Publication date: For subjects such as natural science and applied science, it is important to use data that is up-to-date.

(3) Edition: If a print resource has several editions, it indicates that the information has been updated and is reliable.

(4) Publisher: Was the material published by a university or an established publishing house?


2. Content Analysis

(1) The purpose and scope of the work:  Read the summary (book) or abstract (journal article). Browse the table of contents and the index to understand the subject area, and check to see the references cited in the bibliography.

(2) Intended audience: Who is the intended audience? Is the information presented by the material too basic, too specialized, too advanced, or just right? Does it meet your need?

(3) Thinking objectively: Do the contents of the selected work hold enough usable information?

(4) Format: How is the information presented? Are the main points stated clearly and understandably?


3. Reviews (Books)

Look up the reviews for your selected book in journals or websites (example: The Booklist). Has it been cited as a valuable resource in the relevant subject? Are there conflicting opinions from different reviews? Take into consideration as many reviews as possible.


4. Assessing Online Resources

(1) Website structure: What is the intent of this site? Is it promotional or informative? Is the data first-hand information, opinion-based, or propaganda?

(2) Site Management: Why was the site created? Is contact information available? Are there any references? Are there any spelling and/or grammatical errors?

(3) Reliability: It is important to check the credibility of a website, particularly if it will be recommended for others’ use.

(4) Updates and Maintenance: When was the site last updated or edited? Is it updated regularly? Do its outgoing links work?

(5) Scope of Information: Is relevant information included or omitted? Is the website complete or in construction?

For more references. see the University of California Berkeley's guide.


5. Differentiating between academic journals and non-academic journals

Journals and magazines often publish the most current information on a variety of subjects. They can be classified as academic or scholarly journals, news magazines, or popular magazines.

(1) Academic/Scholarly Journals: The articles have footnotes, and/or a bibliography of source materials. Written by experts, scholars, and researchers in the field, these journals present the findings of original research and results of experiments. Examples: American Economic Review

(2) News Magazines:  These often include illustrations and photos with articles. The content tends to be opinion-based, with quotes from academics. News magazines can be published by for-profit enterprises, publishing houses, or privately. Example: The Economist

(3) Popular magazines: The covers of these magazines are designed to attract readers’ attention. The articles often use information from secondary sources rather than primary sources, and are written by company employees or freelance writers. The purpose of these magazines is to entertain readers, sell products, or promote a certain viewpoint. Example: Time Magazine